THE REGION OF FLORINA

Location

The Prefecture of Florina is located in the northwest of Greece and administratively belongs to the region of Western Macedonia .

Bordered to the west by Albania , to the east by the prefecture of Pella , north to the FYROM, the southeast and southwest area of ​​Kozani to Kastoria .

To the east of the county are the mountain ranges of Mount Vora ( Kaimaktsalan ) , the third highest peak in Greece - altitude 2524 m - and the road crossing the Kellis to Thessaloniki and Kozani . To the west are the mountains Varnounta the highest peak in Greece defined by Dove ( 2334m ) , the Berne Vitsis the top ( 2128m ) , while there is a road crossing Viglas to Prespa , Albania and Yugoslavia . Between the mountain ranges are lakes , some of which are home to rare wetlands such as small and large Prespa Vegoritis , Lake Petron , the Cheimaditida and Zazari .

Area

The province occupies an area of ​​1,924 square kilometers of which about 74% is covered by mountainous and hilly areas while only 26 % is covered by plains .

According to the classification of NSS from all the municipalities of the county 37 were considered lowland The 16 hilly and mountainous 37 . The classification of agricultural areas of the county ( areas ) in accordance with Directive 75/268 gives 0 % lowland, 55.6 % and 44.4 % favored mountain . The corresponding rates for the region is ( 0 % ) lowlands , ie the 50 ( 100 % ) favored and 40 ie ( 100 % ) mountain .

Habitat

The prefecture of Florina is an area of ​​concern for the environment .

Here ecosystems coexist (6 areas NATURA) which are key factors in the quality of life of the region .

Rich is the natural environment of the county and includes :

Mountains of Varnounta of Vitsiou and Vora ,
six (6 ) lakes , protected , huge ecological interest
National Park in the Prespa region .
significant flora and fauna and the landscape presents variations .
The area presents significant Amindeon wine and winemaking tradition .

Apart from the above, we can not ignore these features of the law such as:

- Archaeological sites , the most notable of them Peter and Saint Panteleimon.

- Communities Nymfaiou & Lechovou and municipal departments, St. Germain , Fishermen , Akritas , Krateros presenting traditional architecture .

- Settlements Community Nymphaeum and the Municipal Department Fishermen who have declared a preserved traditional settlements .

Climatic conditions

 The area is characterized by high rainfall , snowfall, dry periods , frost , hail , local winds

 In distinguish the following types of change:

Semiarid .

Mediterranean characterized by an alternation of hot - dry season with a cold - wet .

Land Uses

Of the total area of the county, the 534.500 acres
is cultivated and fallow land ( 27.26 % ) , 700,700 acres are pasture of which: 79.85 % are Community and 20.15% private.

The areas covered by the waters occupy 6.06 % of the total area of the county, in the forested 25.88 % , settlements in 2.08 % while the remaining 1.91 % is covered by others.

Economic characteristics population

The population stands at 54,751 people , according to the census of 2001 , of which 50.9 % are male and 49.1 % female .

Of the total population at the county level , 18,880 people are economically active of which 88.05 % are employed . Percentage 11.95% are unemployed .

Feature is the fact that the highest percentage of unemployment ( 52.12 % ) affects young people. Of the total economically active population 41% are self-employed , employed 39 % while the remaining 20 % are part-time .

Agricultural activities

The people involved in farming, with small family farms and logging, low productivity activities and also the lowest value added , which do not contribute to the formation of sufficient farm income .
Specifically , the 33.25 % ( 6,277 people) of the economically active population is employed in agriculture , livestock , hunting , forestry and fishing. Of these , up 77.19 % are self-employed , while the rest is covered by part-time workers and employees.

With regard to the participation of other funds that do not exceed a rate of 66.75 % . Specifically , trade , repairs , hotels and restaurants employ 10.38 % , construction 7.35 % the , manufacturing 6.25 % , while transport , storage and communications 4.06 %. The services of electricity, water and gas employing rate of about 2.54 % , quarries and mines 1,40 % and financial institutions 0.88 % .

Rate equal to 18.72 % of the economically active population is employed in other services , and there is a percentage of 8.95 % which does not declare the type of economic activity that is or is at a young age , ( 6.23 % ) .

Primary sector

The county is now farming county in the Region of Western Macedonia .

The agriculture of the region is characterized by a strong focus on the production of forage crops for animal feed , which contribute to the gross revenue from agriculture by more than 50 % .

The predominant crop , in terms of both land and personnel associated with it and the volume of the product , is the cultivation of cereals . Very great interest and growing beans in tisPrespas for which enshrined the right name - origin ( PDO ) .

Competitive advantage seems to show the county and potato cultivation . Interesting is the case of sugar beet , whose production is subject to quotas , resulting in year production vary depending on the needs of the Greek Sugar Industry , which absorbs the entire local production .

There are in the county tree crops (apples , pears , peaches , cherries , almonds ) with a relatively dynamic , not so much the per hectare yields both in terms of quality products.

Corresponding dynamic show and the vineyards of the region Amyntaiou . With an emphasis on variety Xinomavro EAS Amyntaiou famous wine producing quality (for which privileges have been granted Protected Designation of Origin ) and markets 11 labels .

In the livestock sector the farmed livestock in the county today includes almost all farm animal species . Predominant sheep, goats and dairy cows .

The major forest products in the region is the timber and forage material . With regard to the main timber products produced in the region are : beech , oak, walnut .

In fisheries the main fish species are carp , pike , tench , platikes butterflies bleak .

secondary sector

The area has limited manufacturing activity and the main feature is the production of electricity.
There specialization in traditional industries modest as small manufacturing units of traditional sweets , jam , kompostaskathos and drinks .

Tertiary sector

In the tertiary sector appears particularly aneptygmenos , unless of course the particular trade and Retail Trade .
Along with trade and in particular the retail sector.

The tertiary sector accounts for some districts and in some municipalities the majority of their economic activities .

The major activity in this area is mainly due to two major residential areas of Florina Amindeon . In these cities displayed great development of trade and other services such as health , education , sport , culture and tourism.

The main sectors of the tertiary sector are:

Industry Trade
Industry Communications - Transport and Services industry
The tourism sector
Particularly in the area there are many different categories of accommodations including hotels , individual apartments , hostels, which have the ability to serve approximately 1300 people.

These sites both construction and on the provision of services based on high standards of work , there are , however , opportunities and prospects for improvement.

Cultural environment

The county has a rich cultural heritage . Cultural infrastructure of Florina are mainly archaeological and historical monuments ( Hellenistic kaivyzantines churches ) , museums , listed buildings Macedonian and neoclassical architecture , cultural associations, international prestige Florina classical music and traditional music bands, workshops Floriniotes painters and remarkable outdoor sculptures , the cultural centers of the D / D of the county and many customs and rites . administrative structure
Administratively , the area includes the following municipalities and communes such as those resulting from combinations of local authorities , in accordance with Law 2539/1997 " Primary Local Authorities of the country"
Municipality of Florina
Municipality of Prespa
Municipality Kato Klines
Municipality Melitis
Municipality Amyntaiou
Municipality Filota
Municipality Eagle
City Pass
Community Krystallopigi
Community Nymfaiou
Community Varikou
Community Lechovou